Track Your Article – ICEMAS-2 Baku-Azerbaijan
List of Accepted Abstracts
|Code||Type of Participate||Article title||Abstract|
|ICEMAS2BL012||Attending with article||Assessment of Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant’s Performance in AL-Dhibaei, Iraq||In this study, municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in AL-Dhibaei, Tikrit, Iraq; was monitored over a period of one year. The data of raw sewage which enter WWTP and treated sewage were obtained and investigated. To assess the operational performance of WWTP, the necessary pollutants indicators including biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solids (TSS), and dissolved phosphorus (PO4), were examined. The treatment plant reliability factor (RF) was determined in order to indicate an individual pollutant in the effluent sewage according to the permissible concentrations identified by the Iraqi Ministry of Health and Environment. RF values for BOD, COD, and PO4 were 0.56, 0.82, and 0.4, respectively, which indicated proper performance since RF values below 1. In addition, the removal efficiency for (BOD, COD, and PO4), exceeded the minimum required reduction; 43.75, 18.25, and 60.5, respectively. Also, the stability of Mixed Liquor Volatile Suspended Solids (MLVSS) to Mixed Liquor Suspended Solids (MLSS) ratio was determined and its variation in the range of (0.565-1.225), which indicates a proper performance. The Sludge Volume Index (SVI) values below 50 mg/L and its range (5.68 – 27.27 mg/L), which was associated with efficient treatment interpretations at most of the time.|
|ICEMAS2BL019||Attending with article||Evaluation of TSH , T3 , T4 , and testosterone concentrations in women with PolyCystic Ovary Syndrome(PCOS) in Babylon City-IRAQ||
Estimation of hormone concentrations TSH , T3 , T4 , and testosterone in women with polycystic ovary syndrome in Babylon city were carried out in this study. There was significant difference in body mass index (BMI) and age group distribution between cases and controls.P<0.05, while there was a statistical differences in fertility status between two studied groups. P<0.05
According to statistical analysis could been concluded that the level of T3 , T4, TSH and testosterone were increased in polycystic ovary in comparison with healthy control group and there are a differences between patient and control group . P<0.05 .
|ICEMAS2BL020||Video conference||Study of Diarrheageneic E.Coli in Iraqi Children||This study targeted a children with diarrhea, 45 male patients and 32 female in Iraq \\ Baghdad, children who were visiting and staying at Kadhimiya Children\’s Hospital, Children\’s Hospital in the City of Medicine, the City of Imams Kadhimin Al Salam Medical, Zafaraniya General Hospital, and some Health Centers. These data were collected in the period from the beginning of January to the end of April 2018, from the age of days to 2 years, The study aims to give a clear conception of diarrhea patients with aspects of sex and age group and to investigate the different types of bacteria that cause diarrhea in children. The results of this study showed that diarrhea increased slightly in males, where it was 58.44%, while females 41.45% of the total of 77 patients. Escherichia coli was 66.23%, Shigella was 15.58%, Salmonella was 6.49%, Streptococcus Fecalise was 6.49%, and Enterobacter was 5.19%. In this study, the factors that played an important role in E. coli infection were identified. This study focused on a pathogen rather than on the most common pathogens among children.|
|ICEMAS2BL033||Attending with article||Flexible Pavement Response to Changing in Asphalt Paving Materials Used in construction of Asphalt Concrete Layers||The performance of pavement could mainly be measured using the stresses and resultant pavement response which are mainly the combined results of loading, enviroment effect, subgrade and pavement material characteristics. The main objective of a pavement includes bearing traffic loads and transmitting these loads to the sub-base while performing load reduction to limit the deformation of the sub-base, and therebyof the pavement structure. Four asphalt mixture types have been prepared for both surface and base courses. Those mixtures have been classified into control mixtures which were prepared with virigin materials, modified mixtures contained 4% styrene butidene styrene by weight of asphalt, recycled mixtures with 20% reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) and mixture with 20% RAP + 4% SBS. This paper presents the typical strain characteristics experienced by a flexible pavement structure composited of two asphalt concrete, subbasde resting on subgrade under static dual wheel load. There are different modelling softwares which are used to analyze the flexible pavement such as Kenlayer. This software has been adopted to investigate the impact of adding the SBS and RAP materials to asphalt concrete surface and base courses on tensile strain at bottom of asphalt courses and vertical compressive strain at top of subgrade soil. The use of 4%SBS modified asphalt in construction of surface course only will reduce the tensile strain at bottom of surface course and will decrease the compressive strain at top of subgrade .|
|ICEMAS2BL034||Attending with article||Study the Physiochemical Properties of Microbial Cellulose Produced by Local Isolates of Acetobacter xylinum||
The recent study aimed to isolates Acetobacter xylinum from local home processed vinegar samples of apple, dates and grape. From the total fifty Twenty-one isolates; appeared dense, smooth, creamy colour colony were observed on the surface of HS-agar medium. Suspected colonies were confirmed by producing acetic acid, only four isolates showed transparent zone around the colony on GYC agar plates. The isolates (BS2, BS3, BS8 and BS20) were examined for bacterial cellulose production in HS broth medium. The dry weight of crude cellulose produced by each isolates was measured and the percentage of dry weight of cellulose ranged from 3.939 – 98.34 %. The pH value of bacterial cellulose were approximately equal and nearly to the neutral values with comparison with plant cellulose. The thickness of bacterial cellulose membrane is a key parameter in preparing film, the initial thickness of the wet BC membrane was measured as 32 micrometers and after drying the computed thickness of BC membrane decreased to 0.4 micrometers. The average tensile strength value and the average elongation at break value of the dried BC films were 34.5 MPa and 5.2% respectively. The micrograph of BC shows three dimensional porous network structure formed by ribbon fibrils, randomness of fiber distribution without any specific orientation. The SEM micrograph obtained for the purified Bacterial Cellulose (BC) shown a very similar structure with the commercial Plant Cellulose (PC). Furthermore, the fibrils were densely packed ; the aggregated BC showed flat and were smoother surface compared to the PC. X-ray diffraction analysis is used to study the physical properties of both BC and PC samples such as morphology, the degree of crystallinity, crystal size and to categorize cellulose as type Iα or Iβ. 2θ range 5o to 40o is usually adequate to cover the most important area of the XRD pattern. The pattern for BC revealed four main peaks were at 2θ = 14.53, 16.78, 22.79 and 34.67, corresponding to the crystallographic peak plane of (110), (110) (200) and (004), respectively. The X-ray diffractograms of purified BC sample showed their amorphous nature. The distinguishing broad peaks at 3452.58 cm-1 for BC and 3356.14 cm-1 for PC indicates OH is stretching intra molecular H-bond for cellulose 1. Sharp peaks appeared CH stretching at 2924.09 cm-1 in BC and 2900.94 cm-1 in The pattern for BC revealed four main peaks were at 2θ = 14.53, 16.78, 22.79 and 34.67, corresponding to the crystallographic peak plane of (110), (110) (200) and (004), respectively. The X-ray diffracts grams of purified BC sample showed their amorphous nature. The FTIR spectrum shown the distinguishing broad peaks at 3452.58 cm-1 for BC and 3356.14 cm-1 for PC indicate OH is stretching intramolecular H-bond for cellulose 1. Sharp peaks appeared CH stretching at 2924.09 cm-1 in BC and 2900.94 cm-1 in PC. Overall, these data suggested that the BC and PC samples were the typical profile of the cellulose I crystalline structure and is typical of cellulose isolated from other fiber sources. The present results proved that BC and PC have a similar chemical bond and functional groups.
Key Word: Acetobacter xylinum, Bacterial cellulose, HS medium, Physiochemical properties
|ICEMAS2BL035||Video conference||Exploration of rain gauge quality issues in Northern England||Accurate rain rate measurements are crucial for hydrological applications. The rain gauge, which is currently the preferred instrument for rain rate measurement, is susceptible to different types of errors. Inconsistent and incomplete time-series of precipitation data, in addition to data quality issues obstruct hydrometeorological analysis. Daily precipitation data from 30 gauges in Northern England were quality controlled for the period 2006–2014 by a double check quality control method to tackle any specific data quality problems. It was found that faulty readings occurred only over a few days compared with the high percentage of missing data that could reach years. Thus, factors that affect gauges’ missing data were investigated. It was discovered that snowfalls, land cover-land use and bird distribution are the main factors that malfunctioning the gauge for long periods, often causing successive missing days that could reach months in total. However, when the missing data occurred on separate days, then it appeared that high winds associated with light rainfall caused the rainfall to drift away from the gauge and hence caused missing data. In addition, the rainfall itself was not one of the main reasons of gauge’s malfunctioning, since the values of missed rainfall were not extreme enough to do this. The next step is to fill in the gauge\’s missing data by the comparison of different methods first, and later choose the proper method for rainfall patching. It is hoped that this paper will encourage more similar studies around the world in different climate and geographic situations so that a comprehensive pattern on the influential factors to gauge quality issues could be obtained to benefit not only to data users, but also to data providers.|
|ICEMAS2BL036||Attending with article||Manufacturing A Solar Distillation Device To Purification The Groundwater||The perfect benefit operation of the groundwater it’s a great science per se if applied in correct ways . Today oversize of internationalize suffer from this troubles and with prospective development for the world and concrescence population and pollution source it’s the probably of aggravation of this problems are great . In Iraq today exist crisis of water because of the misuse of the water source , handling , management philosophy and stockpile during floods therefor has become the purification and utilization of the groundwater is necessary for public daily utilization therefor done this research and study samples of groundwater take from the wells in Al-Alam city , the reason of the chosen al-alam city in this research because of the dependence this city upon the groundwater in great deal for daily practice . The goal of this research its study the chemical and physical of the groundwater and manufacturing a solar instillation device from a glass and cork material overlay with black colour for optimum absorption to sun rays and get the evaporation process in day and intensify this steam in night because of the drop temperatures then collected this condensation drop in collected channel then withdrawal this samples and testing the seam foregoing properties and compare the results and sure if the result corresponding with the acceptable level of potable water .The steps of research are take the samples of raw water from five wells occasional two samples from each well weekly for that three months which result thirty a samples and testing this sampling in laboratory from the chemistry and physics properties such as the pH value and EC , TDS ,TH, MG , Ca …and bacteria content . The second steps of this research its put this samples in the solar instillation , every sampler remind three days in device and restarted testing and comparing . The result proved that this device are able to produce a potable water for washing , sorting , and rinsing but because of the bacterial content it\’s not for drink unless sterilization this water to become confidence.|
|ICEMAS2BLAI05||Attending with article||Intelligent Control Based Estimation of Heat Transfer Coefficient from Four Flat Tube with Different Air Inlet Angles||The surface of heat exchanger in many cases for the direction of inlet air flow is not orthogonal. To study of the heat transfer performance with change of angles air inlet, the paper presents how to predict the heat transfer coefficient for four flat tubes in a crossflow using an artiﬁcial neural networks (ANNs). The experimental setup with inclined backward the air incoming flow direction, the heat transfer coefficient of three air inlet angles (90°, 45° and 30°) are studied separately for five inlet air velocity 0.2, 0.5, 0.6, 0.8, and 1.2 m/s in this study. The three cases of heat flux on the all tubes surface 158.6, 429, and 1105 W/m2. The predicted results for coefficient of heat transfer show a good agreement with experimental data. The accuracy between ANNs approach model and actual values (experimental) obtained with a mean relative error less than 6.2%. The correlation coefficient (R2) around 98.3%.|
|ICEMAS2BLAI06||Attending with article||Employment of Iraqi Women: a Suggested Small Business Opportunities in Nineveh Governorate||
The current paper focus on review of a plan sponsored by the European Commission, as a part of a project titled Key People: Key knowledge for Iraqi Women, Support to Civil Society Development in Iraq, conceived and led by MEDITER, started in March 2014, the researcher was represented one of five international players including the University of Mosul, the University of Rome “Tor Vergata” CEIS (Centre for economics and international studies), the municipality of Mosul, WEO (Women Empowerment Organization in Erbil), and Mosul Chamber of Commerce, Ninawa Governorate – IRAQ.
The main contribution of the project first to increase the level of cooperation and mutual knowledge between civil society and local authorities in the city of Mosul and the Region of Ninawa, secondly to reinforce the capacity building of the Iraqi society through women empowerment helping social inclusion of women in Iraq, finally to support the female leadership inside the local small enterprises.
The project identifies its reference target in a one hundred of women in the north of Iraq (Municipality of Mosul and Governorate of Ninawa) in some cases, they hold educational qualifications; in some others, they don’t. The majority of women are unemployed, or managers of local authorities and small family enterprises, producing hand-crafted quality manufactures, which need little capitals, competences and market accessibility to be competitive.
Based on a pre-study, eleven opportunities were adapted, the current paper browse two of them it (Memorabilia Tourist Heritage, local Sweets (sajacat/Man al Samaa), each of them discussed according to many dialogists which are strategic review, internal analysis, supply chain, future market situation, external analysis, macro environment, and conclusion. Then a number of results and recommendations were introduced.
Keywords: Business Opportunity, European Commission, Ninawa governorate, women empowerment.
Paper type: Review Study.
|ICEMAS2BLAI07||Attending with article||Using Flask for SQLIA Detection and Pretension||
Different activities of life used web application, these apps affected by attack called SQLI (Structure Query Language Injection). The vulnerabilities of web application were increased and most application developer does not care to security in designing.
SQL injection is a common attack where the attacker adds SQL (Structured Query Language) code to web pages to access or change victim databases.
It is necessary step to detect and secure database to avoid such attack in web apps.
Many researchers propose a different ways of detection and prevention from this attack. In this proposed paper, it used a simple, honest, faster way of detection because it doesn\’t need a lot of code.
In this paper a proposed application builds using a powerful micro framework web application designer called Flask in Python 3.7 to detect and prevent such attack.
|ICEMAS2BLAI09||Attending with article||Statistical Analysis to Identify the Most Effective Reasons on Divorce between Men and Women in Erbil-Iraq||
Divorce and marital separation are hurt families and might be the most unpleasant event within the life. Therefore, the motivation behind this investigation is to distinguish the factors influencing divorce between men and women in Erbil-Iraq. Data were collected using a self-questionnaire form with 28 questions that were randomly distributed to people who were divorced in the city of Erbil. Chi-square test and factor analysis were used to investigate the most influenced reasons that people get divorced in Kurdistan Region of Iraq. The results show that respondents\’ perceived second marriage as the major cause of divorce followed by stingy, dominance in marriage, the couple\’s parents interfere their lives, and modern technology (Mobile – Social Media). Also, the unemployed were a reason for divorce in women rather than in men. According to the responders, sixty eight percent of the applicants said that the adultery is the first reason for separation.
Keywords: Divorce cause; Family; Chi-Square; Factor Analysis; Erbil City
|ICEMAS2BLAI011||Attending with article||Re-engineering and its role in achieving technical innovation A survey of the opinions of a sample of the employees||
The current research aims to highlight the relationship and impact between reengineering operations and technical innovation of the company for the manufacture of ready-made clothes / ready-made clothing for boys factory through a survey of the opinions of a sample of it staff the researchers adopted the variables of the study of re-engineering as an independent variable and technical innovation as a dependent variable.
Since the proposals presented by the researchers in this regard showed the entry of re-engineering processes can contribute to the treatment of problems of industrial organizations that live in such circumstances, so the problem of the current research is to determine the ability of the plant to link the dimensions of re-engineering processes to the dimensions of technical innovation and to demonstrate the success of this, the following questions and try to answer them can reflect the dimensions of the current research problem:
Any dimensions of technical innovation adopted by the current study in the management of the laboratory
Research is gaining importance by providing a theoretical framework that is supported by a field framework that demonstrates the correlation and impact relationships between process reengineering and technical innovation.
The researchers were able to obtain information related to research to establish the theoretical ground based on the relevant Arab and foreign references As for the field area (applied area), a questionnaire was prepared for this purpose was distributed to department managers and production lines. In the laboratory and the research reached a set of conclusions, in the light of this information, a set of recommendations were presented to the research laboratory to help him to evoke the idea of research.
|ICEMAS2BLAI011||Attending with article||Association between Allelic Variations of -174G/C Polymorphism of Interleukin-6 Gene and Serum Albumin and C-Reactive Protein in Hemodialysis Iraqi Patients||
Background: Chronic kidney disease is characterized by elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Interleukin-6 is a pleiotropic and pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in different biological activities such as hematopoiesis, inflammation, and acute-phase response. The rate of interleukin-6 synthesis and degradation is affected by single nucleotide polymorphisms.
Aim: To examine the association between the allelic variations of -174G/C polymorphism of the interleukin-6 gene and serum albumin and C-reactive protein in Iraqi patient with chronic kidney disease on maintenance hemodialysis.
Materials/Methods: Seventy chronic renal failure Iraqi patients on maintenance hemodialysis (patients group) and 20 healthy subjects (control group) were genotyped for interleukin-6 polymorphism and genotyping was performed by conventional polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism.
Blood samples were drawn at the beginning of the study, then after 3 and 6 months to follow-up the changes in serum albumin and C-reactive protein.
Results: Serum albumin was significantly higher in patients as compared to control at baseline, and its value in patients was significantly reduced throughout the study. Patients and control with different interleukin-6 genotypes displayed a non-significant change in serum albumin levels with time. Serum C-reactive protein level of patients was significantly higher than the control group at baseline and there was a non-significant reduction in its level in patients throughout the study. Patients and control with different interleukin-6 genotypes displayed a non-significant change in serum C-reactive protein levels with time.
Conclusions: Interleukin-6 gene polymorphism did not have a significant effect on serum albumin and serum C-reactive protein levels in chronic renal failure patients.
|ICEMAS2BLAI012||Attending with article||RAILWAY TRACK BALLAST PROPERTIES BETWEEN STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS AND ENGINEERING REQUIREMENTS||Ballast materials, in general are selected based on specification provided by different respective institutes which specify the required gradation, strength, materials, durability, particles shape , and other physical and chemical properties. All the worldwide specification required ballast to be “uniformly graded crushed hard stones, durable, angular and equidimensional in shape, and free from dust, chemical contamination and cohesive particles”. In Iraq, current railway truck lines construction attend an increasing demands of higher axle loads, commercial line speeds and considering sustainability. On the other hand, Iraqi Railway Standard Specifications (IRR2000) still in old issue on ballast requirements, depending on wide range of gradation limits and compression strength only. therefore, Iraqi railway track engineers and researchers need deep understanding for ballast behaviour under the shallow specifications (i.e IRR2000). The current research shading light on IRR2000 ballast requirements and compare it with other worldwide specification, based on particular study made in Iraq about some mechanical properties of ballast brought from two resources. Current research revealed deformation characteristics of Al-Qa\’im and Al-Najaf quarries track ballast (which represent the only sources of ballast materials for middle and south of Iraq respectively), based on repeated load model tests simulating ballast conditions under a selected track section. Although, the ballast materials brought from two different sources had the same properties according to IRR2000, test results indicated a huge different in mechanical properties in terms of degradation and compression strength. Also, current research contain comparison study between IRR2000 and some other worldwide available specification was made in terms of depending tests, limits and equipment. The research conclude an essential point, the track ballast specification in Iraq need more developing, specific requirements, and combine some rules of sustainability engineering in constructions|
|ICEMAS2BLAI013||Attending with article||Assessing the Relationship between RSI and RTA||Traffic accidents have become one of the most important problems experienced by countries, leading to the death or injury of many people and the waste of money, which is supposed to be spent on developmental and economic projects that benefit the entire society. With the absence of suitable recording system of Iraqi Roads Traffic Accident data and the lack in the measure of highway safety. Thus, lead to error in the analysis of traffic accidents. The main objective of this study is to estimate Road Safety Index value and developing a model related it with Road Traffic Accident. To reach the research aim Roadway (Carriageway width, Number of intersections/km and Type of intersection), Traffic (Speed, On- street parking, Road markings, Speed Breakers/km, Number of Fatalities/km and Signs), Roadside (Presence of Obstacles Shoulder and Street Lighting Interval), Pavement(Pavement status and Potholes/km) and Miscellaneous(Bus-stop distance from Intersection, Intersection visibility and Presence of median) characteristics of ten cities in central and southern Iraq (Baghdad, Babylon, Karbala, Najaf, Qadissiya, Muthanna, Dhi Qar, Wasit, Maysan and Basra) were studied. The results show that the extra increase of Road Traffic Accident can be represented by negative exponential trend in relation with Road Safety Index.|
|ICEMAS2BLAI015||Attending with article||EFFECT OF CALCIUM PHOSPHATE NANOPARTICLES ON ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE ACTIVITY IN SERA OF RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS PATIENTS||Nanotechnology is one of the most developing sciences in last decades. The nanoparticles exhibit a unique physical, chemical and biological properties at nanoscale compared to their respective particles at higher scales. Calcium phosphates nanoparticles (CaP Nps) are used as a bio nanomaterial in the fields of nanomedicine. Calcium Phosphate is one of the most important basic mineral components of teeth and bones in the human body. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between the Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) level and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and study the effect of Cap NPs and Cap NPs particles coated with casein on ALP level in the sera of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Seventy Rheumatoid arthritis patient (Male and female) with age range (20-55year) and 30 healthy subjects with sex and sex-matched as a control group was included in the present study .The ALP activity, calcium, and phosphate were measured by using a Colorimetric method. The result showed that serum ALP level in the RA group was highly (108.79 ± 30.07 U/L) than the control group (66.74± 19.08 U/L) (p ≤0.01). While a non-significant difference in mean values (p˃0.05) of calcium and phosphate level were observed in sera of RA patients in comparison to that level in the control group. Anon competitive inhibition effect of both calcium phosphates nanoparticles and calcium phosphates nanoparticles coated with casein were demonstrated. We conclude that CaP NPs has a higher inhibition effect than CaP NPs coated casein on ALP in sera of rheumatoid arthritis patients|
|ICEMAS2BLAI017||Video conference||Detection of virulence properties and virulence-associated gene (iss) of E. coli isolated from broiler chicks in Basra provine||This study aims to determine pathogenicity of E. coli in broiler chicks, by using bacteriological examinations and molecular detection for the presence of virulence gene increased serum survival (iss).120 sample collected from dead and morbid broiler chicks and the result revealed that (36.7%) were infected with E.coli ,differentiation between pathogenic and non pathogenic were examine. Also motility , hemolysin production ,Agglutination test were indicated a positive . The results of in vitro testing indicated that 3 isolates were classified as highly moderately , and slightly virulent according to their characteristics of pathogenicity. Broiler chicks were typified by monovalent antisera indicated that (31.74%) were identified as E.coli serotype O2. the antimicrobial susceptibility result indicated that highly and slightly pathogenic isolates were susceptible to chloramphenicol, gentamicin ,penicillin and streptomycin, whereas the moderately pathogenic was susceptible to chloramphenicol and gentamicin. Polymerase Chain Reaction technique as reliable tool to detect virulence gene increased serum survival (iss) which observed in 26 (25.49%) of total sample .|
|ICEMAS2CLAI013||Attending with article||molecular study of virulence factor of Streptococcus pyogense associated among tonsillitis patients||Abstract: Two hundred patients with tonsillectomy (TS) in Basrah, 102(51% ) males and 98(49% ) Females, with male: females ratio (1.04:1) and 50 individual without tonsillitis problems as control group were included in this study, which was done during the period of April,2015 to Jun, 2017. This Include collection of throat swab samples, culturing of samples, identification of causative agents species and antibiotic sensitivity. Gram\’s positive bacteria were the commonest microorganisms .the comments’ causative agents was Streptococcus pyogense 30 isolates (15%) followed by Staph.aureus was 28 isolates (14%) isolated from (200) chronic tonsillitis patients before and after tonsillectomy,while the most normal flora was Streptococcus.(α-heamolytic) 45 isolates (90%),,followed by Staphylococcus epidermidis 40(80%) from (50 ) health persons . Most isolated of Streptococcus pyogense were high sensitive to antibiotic such as Clindamycin, Rifampin, and Azithromycin . while moderate sensitive to Penicillin-G Cefotaxime, Cefetriaxone, trimethoprim , and resistant to Augmentine, ampicillin, Cloxacillin, in this study most commo Streptococcus pyogense isolated associated with pyrogenic toxin SPeB (76%),flowed by SPeC (60%)and SPeA (26%) .|
|ICEMAS2CLAI019||=||Occurrence of oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma among patients in Basrah city||
Oral cancer consider as the sixth common malignant disease (it,s incidence about third in developingcountries and eighth in developed countries).
Squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) account 95% of all oral malignant lesions
A few studies have been written in Iraq regarding the incidence of oral cancer
Aims :The aim of this study was to identify differences in oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma patients according to age groups ,gender, and location of the tumorin Basrah city
Patients and Methods:This study included 21 patients with oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma were clinically diagnosed and then confirmed by histopathological examination. Age, gender, as well as clinical signs and the site of lesions, were recorded.
Results: There were 21 new cases of oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma in Basrah from September 2015 to December 2016 , 13 in men and 8 in women. Cancer at all oral sites affected men more than women. The Tongue is the most frequent site
|ICEMAS2CLAI020||Significance of Skin test reactivity to aeroallergens in patients with chest and skin allergies in basrah through 2014 and 2015.||
Skin prick test reactivity to seven aeroallergens(M1 = Alternaria ,M2= Cladosporin mix ,M3= Pencillin mix ,M4 = candida albicans , G=Grass mix,HD= Dermatophagoides farina ,MIT=Dermatophgoides pteronyssinus ) in patients with chest and skin allergies- from various basrah districts- attending to center of allergy and asthma diseases through 2014 and 2015 were carried out in this study. One thousand and two hundreds and seventy four patients with their age range from ( 6- 65 ) years , 666 male (295 positive for skin test ) and 608 female (343 positive for skin test ) with statistical significant differences between both sexes P<0.05. Male have 172 and 123 positive skin test for chest and skin allergies respectively , while female gave 239 and 227 positive results for same above allergies respectively with highly significant differences between both sexes P<0.01. also the present study illustrate distribute the patient according to life district in basrah . and statistically we can arrange these districts depend on majority of positive skin allergy test as follow: P<0.01
alhussien q. >maquel>mwafaqiah >qurna >old basrah >qarma >zubair >qibla >abulqasseib >tanumah.
|ICEMAS2CLAI021||Prevalence study of tuberculosis among basrah population through 2011-2015 : prospective study||
the study recordes were taken from infectious diseases unite in albasrah general hospital. The data collected from the files of recorded cases thruogh 2011 to 2015
TB patients that attended to this unite which were , including pulmonary and extra pulmonary TB diseases. Their ages were between (few months-70 year). through 2011 the total patients reached to 58 males and 27 females . the highly risk group was aged 30-39yrs for males and 60-69 yrs for females . in 2012 the total patients reached to 52 males and 25 females . the highly risk group was aged 30-39yrs for males and females .in 2013 the total patients reached to 21 males and 24 females . the highly risk group was aged 30-39yrs for males and50-59 yrs for females . in 2014 the total patients reached to 19 males and 42 females . the highly risk group was aged 60-69 yrs for males and 20-29 yrs for females .And in 2015 the total patients reached to 31 males and 22 females . the highly risk group was aged 30-39 yrs for males and 30-39 and 50-59 yrs for females .
There are statistical differences between all studied age groups through various years P<0.05
|ICEMAS2CLAI022||Prevalence of Malassezia spp. among patients with pityriasis versicolor in Basrah city – IRAQ.||
Background: Malassezia species are lipophilic dimorphic yeasts normally colonize the skin but they can change their saprophytic state and invade the stratum corneum as pathogens.
Aims : To determine the prevalence of Malassezia spp. isolated from patients with pityriasis versicolor (PV) and to analyze their distribution according to the clinical signs and body sites as well as its relation with gender and age groups.
Patients and Methods: This study included 57 patients with PV were clinically diagnosed and then confirmed by direct microscopic examination. The scraped skin specimens were inoculated in modified Dixon’s medium. Age, gender, clinical signs and the body site of lesions were recorded.
Results: The highest prevalence of pityriasis versicolor was seen in patients 11-20 years-of-age. No statistically significant difference was observed in the frequency of Malassezia spp. between both sexes P>0.05, while there are highly difference between various age groups and according to body sites. In total, 51% (29 cases of the total 57 ) of patients with pityriasis versicolor had hyperpigmentation lesions. The greatest infected lesions were found in trunk and neck of human body 28% for both sexes and varied in percentage through various body sites.
Conclusions: This study suggests that the puberty age was the highest prevalence of PV in patients. Within clinical signs, hyperpigmentation lesions was most common in patients with PV. Trunk & neck were the most body sites infected by Malassezia spp. in PV patients.
|ICEMAS2DLAI023||Attending with article||Roles of 15-Lipoxygenase-2 (ALOX15B) in Suppression of Tumor Formation, Metastasis and Increase the Sensitivity to Chemotherapy||
15-LOX-2 is a member of the lipoxygenase family with anti-tumorigenic activity. Like other lipoxygenase families, the main substrate for 15-LOX-2 in the Arachidonic acid. The main product of this enzyme is 15(S)-HETE. 15(S)-HETE control the proliferation of prostate cells.
The expression of 15-LOX-2 lost in the metastatic stage of the prostate tumor compared to the primary and benign tumor. To investigate the role of 15-LOX-2 in a highly metastatic prostate tumor, we overexpressed 15-LOX-2 in PC3MM cell line using Lenti-X Tet-on advanced inducible expression system. Exposure to 75ng/ml of doxycycline for 24h produced prompt 15-LOX-2 at the protein level. In addition, removing the inducible molecule for 72h halted the 15-LOX-2 expression.
After induction of 15-LOX-2 for 96h, the cells started to have more epithelial-like phenotypes compared to the untreated or vector control cells. The cells with 15-LOX-2 induction have a bigger and flattened shape with less cytoplasmic extension compared to the untreated and vector control cells. Overexpression of 15-LOX-2 led to reverse the epithelial to mesenchymal process. 15-LOX-2 overexpression led to increasing the expression of junctional complex structural proteins. However, 15-LOX-2 overexpression led to decrease the expression of the mesenchymal markers and matrix metalloproteases. In addition, we proved the ability of 15-LOX-2 to inhibit the tumor growth in vivo and increase chemotherapy sensitivity in vitro.
|ICEMAS2DLAI024||Attending with article||Polarization Filter Design Based on Circular Plasmonic Photonic Crystal Fiber||
In this paper, a design of circular plasmonic photonic crystal fiber (CP-PCF) is reported and analyzed. The suggested structure has a gold metal nano-wire in the cladding substrate. The polarization characteristics of the suggested design are studied using full vectorial finite element method (FV-FEM). The effects of the number of nano-wires and the structure geometrical parameters on the polarization properties of the CP-PCF are investigated in detail. In addition, the coupling characteristics between x-polarized and y-polarized core modes are listed.
Design and Simulated Results
Figure 1 (a) shows the suggested structure with a circular core region. The CP-PCF has four circular rings. Each ring consists of circular air holes with diameter d. the space between every two air holes is p.The CP-PCF has a single gold wire in the first ring close to the core region. Figure 1 (b) and (c) show the dispersion characteristics and losses of the X- polarized and Y-polarized core modes, respectively. The simulated results show that the vertically polarized and horizontally polarized core modes are separated in certain wavelength values which can be used in pass-band and stop-band filter applications. More results will be presented in the conference.
|ICEMAS2DLAI025||Video conference||Enhancement of the Surface Plasmon Polaritons Excitation Efficiency||Surface Plasmon Polaritons (SPPs) are propagating excitations that arise from the coupling of light with collective oscillations of the electrons on the metal surface. Increasing of the SPP excitation efficiency is studied and simulated numerically to reduce the reflectivity of the incident power. The effect of the different parameters such as: incident angle, metal thickness and dielectric permittivity is tested and optimized to improve the efficiency of SPPs by minimizing the reflectivity. The relation between the incident angle and reflectivity for different permittivity can be used for bio-sensing applications.|
|ICEMAS2DLAI026||Attending with article||PREDICTION OF CONTACT STRESSES IN PRE AND POST CRACKING STAGES OF ISOLATED FOOTING||
Mahmood MAAROOFThe analyses of reinforced concrete isolated footings are mainly based on Taylor assumption, which is assumed that the contact stresses under isolated footing when subjected to concentric loading are uniform. However, there are many factors, like soil type and foundation rigidity, that effect on the distribution of contact stresses. The aim of this paper is to investigate the influence of foundation stiffness and the reduction of this stiffness due to formation of cracks in concrete on the contact stress distribution below isolated footings. The finite element method using ANSYS V11 was adopted to perform 3D modeling and nonlinear analyses of the interaction between soil and reinforced concrete isolated footings. The footings were loaded by central column up to failure and the nonlinear behavior of both reinforced concrete and subsoil was taken into consideration. The main findings of the present work is that the contact stress between subsoil and single footing subjected to axially loaded column is not uniform and depends mainly on the flexural rigidity of the foundation and stress distribution are different in the post cracking stages from that of pre cracking stages of footing.
Abstract The analyses of reinforced concrete isolated footings are mainly based on Taylor assumption, which is assumed that the contact stresses under isolated footing when subjected to concentric loading are uniform. However, there are many factors, like soil type and foundation rigidity, that effect on the distribution of contact stresses. The aim of this paper is to investigate the influence of foundation stiffness and the reduction of this stiffness due to formation of cracks in concrete on the contact stress distribution below isolated footings. The finite element method using ANSYS V11 was adopted to perform 3D modeling and nonlinear analyses of the interaction between soil and reinforced concrete isolated footings. The footings were loaded by central column up to failure and the nonlinear behavior of both reinforced concrete and subsoil was taken into consideration. The main findings of the present work is that the contact stress between subsoil and single footing subjected to axially loaded column is not uniform and depends mainly on the flexural rigidity of the foundation and stress distribution are different in the post cracking stages from that of pre cracking stages of footing.
|ICEMAS2DLAI027||Attending with article||STRESS-STRAIN BEHAVIOR OF NORMAL AND HIGH STRENGTH SELF-COMPACTING CONCRETE||This paper presents an experimental investigation on stress-strain behavior of normal and high strength self-compacting concrete with two different maximum aggregate sizes. Eight mixes are adopted for this purpose with compressive strength ranging from 20 to 80 MPa and maximum aggregate size of 10 and 20 mm. Results show that the ascending parts of the stress-strain curves become steeper as the compressive strength increases and strain at failure increases with the increase in compressive strength and maximum aggregate size. Also, changing maximum aggregate size from 10 to 20 mm increases compressive strength for high strength concretes (up to 7.19% for cylinders and 12.38% for cubes).|
|ICEMAS2DLAI028||Attending with article||Estimating the productivity of gypsum plastering by using Artificial Neural Network (ANN)||
Estimating is an important part of project planning phase, involving a quantitative activities of project costs, resources and duration, and for this it is an essential part of the success or failure of any construction project.
The idea of this research is introducing an alternative approach of utilizing the neural networks for estimating the productivity of gypsum plastering for any construction project through dealing with number of affecting factors which collected by experts interviews, closed questionnaire and previous studies.
As well as, a neural network has been developed by using MATlab software capable of estimating the gypsum plastering productivity depending on number of variables which represents the factors collected from the field survey, and an evaluation of the proposed network is held and applied on a case study.
The final result is an equation derived from the neural network and evaluated to estimate the productivity of gypsum plastering productivity easily for any construction project
|ICEMAS2DLAI029||Attending with article||Human leukocyte antigen (HLA-G) expression and soluble HLA-G levels in women with breast cancer from Basrah province in Iraq||
HLA-G is one of the non-classical HLA class I molecules and it is known to be implicated in a tumor-driven immune escape mechanism in malignancy. The purpose of this study was to investigate soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) and HLA-G expression in breast cancer. sHLA-G was determined by enzyme-linked Immunosorbent assay (ELISA) from plasma samples of 70 breast cancer patients and 35 healthy controls. HLA-G expression in breast cancer lesions was also analyzed by immunohistochemistry staining. The presence of HLA-G expression were analyzed and found to be involved in breast carcinogenesis. Levels of sHLA-G were higher in the breast cancer group compared to the control group and sHLA-G concentration could be used as a diagnostic marker for detecting breast cancer.
Key words: HLA-G, sHLA-G, cancer, breast cancer, expression.
|ICEMAS2DLAI030||Video conference||Solar Cell Modeling and Parameter Extraction using Dynamic Numerical Method based on Single Diode Model||This paper presents a new dynamic numerical methodof PV modeling and parameter extraction. The proposed method based onthe single-diode model. Then, its performance and accuracy improved. The DC parameter extracted are; Diode idealty factor n, Diode saturation current Io, Photocurrent current IL, Series resistance Rs.The set points measured on the current–voltage (I–V) characteristic curve are; (Voc)and (Isc), and on the power–Voltage (P–V) characteristic curve are; the maximum voltage Vmax and maximum currentImax.Extracted PV parameters validated via different mathematical criteria. In each iterationthe new values showing a clear improvement in the output values, Voper and Ioper. The obtained results compared to other studies and presented a high convergence to the standard ones. Likewise, accuracy of the extracted parameters assured the reliability of the study. Finally,the outcomes of this study can help in improving the total PV system performance and guide the extraction of the four-parameter model.|
|ICEMAS2DLAI031||Attending with article||“A comparison study between chemical coagulation and electro-coagulation processes for the treatment of wastewater containing reactive blue dye”||This study examined the possibility to remove reactive blue dye from simulated wastewater by chemical coagulation, in comparison with electro-coagulation. Ferric sulphate Fe2(SO4)3, ferrous sulphate (FeSO4), poly aluminum chloride (PACl) and alum (Al2SO4.5H2O) were used as coagulants. Optimum pH, coagulants dosages and initial concentration were determined by jar tests, and the maximum dye removal was obtained. The maximum removal efficiency were 96%, where the best coagulant was Fe2(SO4)3 at optimum pH and dosage of 6, 200 mg/L. On the other hand, electrochemical cell is designed using aluminum plates as the anode and cathode with dimensions of (7*4*0.3) cm3. Many experimental runs were done at a different operating conditions (pH, NaCl concentration, initial concentration and electrical supply voltage) to study the removal performance of electro-coagulation for reactive blue dye removal. The results indicated that, the maximum removal were 99 %, at optimum pH of 2 and NaCl concentration of 1000 mg/L. The study proved that, the percentage removal of reactive blue is better by electrochemical system than in chemical coagulation.|
|ICEMAS2DLAI032||Attending with article||Determination of local inflammatory response in rats with induced Osteoarthritis as experimental model||
The study was designed to evaluate the influence of induce osteoarthritis (OA) on knee joint of experimental model and looking on (OA) effect as local immune response in addition to the possible role of vitamin (D3) as protective and repairing agent against (OA) complications.
In this recent study, an experimental, healthy, adult male rats (Rattus norregicus) were used after housed, breeding in animal house, total number (89) rats were divided into three groups, first group (19) male rats regarded as control and (35) rats suggested as (OA) group and (35) rats was (OA) and treated group with vitamin (D3).
OA was induced by single dose (10) mg/kg body weight of papain enzyme at intra-articular region of rats knee joint while the treated group injected to induced (OA) and post (2) weeks treated with vitamin (D3) weekly at a rate of one dose per week at the intraperitoneal region to the end of experimental period (28) days compared to control group which injected with (0.5) ml of normal saline.
All animals were anaesthetized with chloroform and skin removed the samples of knee joint from right and left limbs were collected .The local inflammatory response comprised macroscopical observations, radiological results and pathogenesis of knee joints in all experimental rats.
Macroscopic observations revealed to degraded cartilage surface, erosion, hypertrophied condyles , degeneration, the articular cartilage surface was glossy and punctuate depression also noticed while the results from rats knee joints that treated (2) weeks with vitamin (D3) appeared smooth, intact cartilage surface, no signs of inflammation like swelling, redness, hypertrophy and fibrosis.
Results from radiographic images indicated to narrowing joints cavity (space) at knee joint of (OA) rat model, formed of osteophyte at articular region, destruction of epiphyseal plate, while the results related to (OA) rats treated with vitamin (D3) showed no osteophyte, the synovium cavity nearest to the normal, no defect or distortion and no bone tear.
Histological changes on sections from (OA) knee joints revealed that the articular region was damaged, the cartilage with extensive degeneration, most chondrocytes lost their normal cellular morphology, narrowing joints cavity, fibrillation, formation of chondrocytes cluster, the degeneration and hypertrophied chondrocytes reached to the deep zone of articular cartilage.
Furthermore sections from patello femoral joint post (28) days showed changes with underlying subchondral bone characterized by increased of osteoclast, irregular collapse trabeculae, the bone marrow cavity extensively infiltrated with osteoclast, it was more congested, abnormal cellularity and partial replacement of bone marrow by fibrotic tissue, severe synovitis and thick synovial membrane extend as folds on cartilage surface.
The study determined the role of vitamin (D3) and its effect on knee joint of (OA) rats, the results showed moderate to mild degeneration at the articular cartilage region, smooth surface, normal synovial joint, more regular and arranged of chondrocytes as short columns, the synoviocytes arranged as single large resemble the epithelial layer, also the osteoblasts proliferate and differentiate to lining the trabeculae,histologically the epiphyseal plate appeared normal, regular and differentiated to growth zones, the osteon (haversian) centres showed and the bone marrow cavities less cellularity but more differentiated to haemopoietic tissue formed by adipose tissue and blood cells.
The intra-articular injection of papain enzyme lead to loss of articular cartilage with severe changes of sunchondral bone lesions that mimic those of (OA) in human and the results showed that vitamin (D3) supplementation act as immuno-modulator agent and caused repair and cartilage remodeling.
|ICEMAS2DLAI033||Attending with article||Detention and Release in Rectangular Gabion Weir||The present paper aimed to study the mechanization of detention and release processes when a rectangular shaped gabion weir was used in a lined irrigation canals as a preliminary solution to treat the problem of lowering of water levels in general form during summer season. For this study a laboratory flume canal with dimensions of (10m long, 0.3m width, 0.5m height) was used to carry out the experiments on the weir. The used hydraulic model constructed with dimensions of (0.3m width and 0.4m height) and five different lengths of (0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0, and 1.2m) respectively. Whereas the used gravel samples, (as filling material), were of monosized gravel with diameters of (9.5-14), (14-19), (19-25), (25-37.5), and (37.5-50)mm respectively. While the measured discharge values during the experiments were in range of (0.7-15.0) l/s, and reached to a total of 194 test runs. The results showed that; (1) The upstream water depth, (Detention depth), is directly proportional with both of the unit discharge and the length of the weir, and inversely proportional with the diameter of the used gravel sample, (2) The downstream water depth, (Release depth), is directly proportional with unit discharge, while these is no clear effect for both of the length of the weir and the used gravel sample on it’s value, (3) Both values of detention and release depths are directly proportional with each other, (4) At a comparison discharge values, the ratio of (Release/Detention) is directly proportional with the diameter of the used gravel sample, but there is no clear effect of the weir length on its value. A series of empirical formulas were made for designers to manage detention and release processes for this type of weirs.|
|ICEMAS2DLAI034||Attending with article||ACCELERATING COLUMN GENERATION APPROACH FOR THE TRANSPORT PROBLEM WITH TIME WINDOWS||The transport problem with time windows is solved using a mixed linear programming method. Given the large size of the problems encountered in industry, these models are solved by an approach based on column generation that can handle implicitly all feasible solutions and a master problem determining the best solution. We present a new approach to improve the acceleration of the method of column generation problem for the transport problem with time windows, it is projected in each arc, the resources on a vector of dimension less using a Lagrangean relaxation algorithm to determine the coefficients of the projection arc combined with an algorithm for re-optimization, well generates a subset of complementary solutions to the master problem. The computational experiments were conducted on a broad range of instances, many of them published in the literature. They show a significant reduction of the number of column generation iterations and computing time.|
|ICEMAS2DLAI035||Attending with article||Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry for diagnosis of bone mineral density in pre and post – menopausal women||
Osteoporosis is a common metabolic bone disorder causing fractures and incurring substantial morbidity and mortality specially in women after menopause.
Patients and Methods: The bone mineral density of (172) pre and post-menopausal women with a mean age (31.5) and (64.5) years respectively underwent dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) during the period. (BMD) measurements and the resulting patient classification based on T- scores values according to WHO criteria. Results : (54.08% ) of post- menopausal women were in the osteoporotic range specially in spine , (29.12%) of them had osteopenia , while the others were in normal (24.96%). In pre- menopausal women (7.48%) had osteoporosis, (14.28%) had osteopenia and (24.48 %) had normal bone mineral density according to the WHO criteria. Conclusions: This study shows lower BMD T –score for the lumbar spine and femoral neck in post – menopausal women compared with lumbar spine and femoral neck in pre-menopausal women according to the WHO criteria
|ICEMAS2DLAI036||Designing an Electronic Information System to Support the Activation Of e-government Project Applications by adopting Information Technology||
The manifest section is considered as one of the main sections of the general customs administration, in terms of its activities such as granting of entry permits , granting of issuance permits ,granting of books permit ( load , salon ,and taxi). It also regarded the link between the border centers, traffic services ,and the headquarters of the general customs administration. Since the vehicles leaving the country are regulated by their own frequency book (exit and entry book) and after the completion of the book, the Department of Traffic is notified of the governorate by placing a reservation sign on the vehicle that gives the frequency book and when the book is revoked, the traffic is approached to remove the vehicle’s reservation and to register it within a specific direction for this purpose.
A proposed system has been designed to implement the E -government in terms of managing works of the general customs administration / Northern Region to issue the vehicle traffic books with the management of these records.
The purpose of the study is to design a proposed system to implement the E -government in terms of managing works of the general customs administration / Northern Region to issue the vehicle traffic books with the management of these records using (VB.net) in the design of the interfaces of the proposed system as well as using the( SQL Server) program in the formation of the proposed system database.
The importance of the study is an attempt to reduce effort, time and problems experienced by the citizen who intends to obtain a passbook for the exit and entry of his vehicle through the proposed system for e-government and facilitate the work of the general customs administration / Northern Region. Also , to enhance the e- management by adopting information technology that transforms the implicit knowledge into explicit knowledge depending on the communication networks that translate the instructions for the exit and entered vehicles by following the validity period of the passbook and calculating the resulted fines at the ended period of the book and the its loss through the adoption of SMS as well as application GPS system for monitoring, tracking and penalizing of vehicles.
The study concluded that the proposed system should be adopted taking into consideration its implementation requirements, which should be adhered during the application
Keywords: e-government, Information Technology (IT), Information system, GPS
|ICEMAS2DLAI037||Attending with article||Evaluation of Oxidative Stress in child with Thyroid Gland Dysfunction from Amara district ,S. Iraq||
Thyroid hormone play an important role in the regulation of lipid metabolism. It act predominantly through its nuclear receptor (Thyroid hormones receptor α and β ) to regulate the expression related to lipid metabolism. Both overt hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism result in abnormalities of lipid profile. However changes in serum lipid profiles in Patients with subclinical hypothyroidism have been inconsistent. In recent year, some of these analogues are very potent in lowering serum cholesterol and triglyceride in animal models and human clinical studies. This mini review in the mechanisms that affect lipid profile under pathological Thyroid conditions, and give brief touch on thyroid analogue.
Aim of study
So this study aimed to evaluate the relationship between serum thyroid hormones, MDA and lipid profile (TC LDL TG, HDL) and in thyroid dysfunction patients.
Patients and methods
Study was performed in the endocrinology clinic at the national diabetic center of massin University college of Medicine A total number of (50), (25) hypothyroid patients, aged (1 – 12) year and (25) hyperthyroid patients, aged(1 – 12) and other. Serum T3, T4, TSH, lipid profiles , as were examined.
The results revealed that there were
1- a significant (P <0. 05) increase in serum total cholesterol, triglycerides, high density lipoproteins cholesterol, very low density lipoproteins cholesterol and low density lipoproteins cholesterol in hypothyroid patients .While there was significant (p <0.05) reduction in total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol in hyperthyroid patients
2-Significant increase in the level of thyroid hormone triiodine (TT3), tetrahedine (TT4) and hypothyroidism (TSH) in patients with hypothyroidism compared to control group
3-Significant decrease in the level of hormone (TT3), (TT4) and a significant increase in the level of hormone (TSH) in patients with hypothyroidism compared to control group
4-Significant increase in MDA in patients with hypothyroidism and significant decrease in patients with hypothyroidism compared to control group
|ICEMAS2DLAI038||Attending with article||Crimes of defamation by social media||
That crime is just a reflection of the society in which we live. There is nothing dangerous or criminal in the core of social networking sites, but it is important that this site is treated with respect .. given the risks that can be associated with its use.
This fact, which was confirmed by many international organizations to combat crime, which alarmed that these sites have become a tool to commit crimes around the world, and not only the danger to the countries of the third world, but swept even Western countries that put strict controls and laws to ensure safe use The Internet in general and social networks in particular. These crimes range from crimes, assaults, kidnappings, threats, fraud, electronic theft, terrorist threats, recruitment to terrorist organizations, as well as defamation.
Social networks have been transformed into a real world of physical and moral violence. This coincided with tremendous progress in the number of users in recent years. This led to the development of scientific and legal strategies to deal with communication sites before becoming a serious tool for crime. Including the development of many legal legislation or the amendment of existing ones to keep pace with technical progress and do not escape the perpetrators of the punishment of punishment, especially in the procedural area of investigation and follow-up perpetrators, as they often hide under the guise of pseudonyms.
The study will show the role of laws in combating defamation crimes by social media, in Iraqi laws.
|ICEMAS2DLAI039||Attending with article||Virtual currencies and economic crimes||
virtual currencies are a medium of exchange but are not regular money.Unlike dollar bills and coins, cryptocurrencies are not issued or backed by the Iraqi government or any other government or central bank. The lack of a physical token to count and hold may confuse some. cryptocurrencies are a form of digital currency used in electronic payment transactions—no coins, paper money or banks are involved; there are zero to minimal transaction fees; transactions are fast and not bound by geography; and, similar to using cash, transactions are anonymous. Digital currencies are stored in digital wallets, which are software or apps installed by users on their computer or mobile device.
Virtual currencies like are digital representations of value that, like ordinary currency, function as media of exchange, units of account, and stores of value. However, unlike ordinary currencies, virtual currencies are not legal tender, meaning they cannot be used to pay taxes and creditors need not accept them as payments for debt. While virtual currency enthusiasts tout their technological promise, a number of commentators have contended that the anonymity offered by these new financial instruments makes them an attractive vehicle for money laundering. Law enforcement officials.
This study aims to clarify the role of criminal law in dealing with money laundering and other economic crimes committed by virtual currencies, and the study comparing Iraqi law with a set of other laws
|ICEMAS2DLAI040||Attending with article||Degradation of Direct Blue from Synthetic Wastewater using Electrochemical Oxidation method||
This study concerning the decolorization of direct blue dye by electrochemical oxidation. Laboratory set up was performed using a graphite and a stainless steel plates as the anode and cathode respectively (6 cm ×3 cm× 0.3cm). The tests were performed using a synthetic wastewater instead of real textile wastewater. The effect of operational factors (pH, concentration of electrolyte and electrical supply voltage) were calculated to study the removal efficiency of electrochemical oxidation for the removal of direct blue dye. As a result, the maximum efficiency of direct blue removal was 98% under the optimum factors (pH 2, NaCl 500 mg/L concentration and 5 V voltage).
Key Words :Electrochemical Oxidation, Direct Blue Dye, Textile wastewater, graphite plate, stainless steel plate.
|ICEMAS2DLAI041||Attending with article||STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF GROUNDWATER QUALITY PARAMETERS IN SELECTED SITES AT KIRKUK GOVERNORATE /IRAQ||
The study included 14 wells were selected in the area located in the southern part of the Kirkuk province, which is estimated at an area of about 1170 km2, and included rural areas with agricultural and urban activities with industrial and residential activities to the north in the Daqouq district. Water samples were collected from the wells once every two months from December 2016 to April 2017. The physical tests were performed such as electrical conductivity (EC), as well as total dissolved solid (TDS) and chemical tests that included pH, cations such as calcium and magnesium, anions such as sulphates, nitrates and chlorides and Concentrations of trace elements such as lead, cadmium and zinc were measured using standard water testing methods. The wells showed a difference in the quality of water according to land use, agricultural, residential or industrial, in the properties of electrical conductivity, total dissolved solid, nitrates, chlorides, calcium, cadmium and copper, indicating the effect of the type of land use on groundwater. The three-dimensional contour maps that were drawn based on the characteristics of the wells water quality and their characteristics showed a clear picture of the distribution of the qualitative characteristics of the groundwater in the region. All wells water were within the limits of drinking water specifications for all characteristics except electrical conductivity in some wells beyond the limits of specifications and all wells water within the limits of agricultural specifications.
|ICEMAS2DLAI042||Video conference||Synthesis of the CdO Nano-thin films with high Ga-doped by (SPT)||Cadmium Oxide (CdO) and Gallium doped Cadmium Oxide (Ga:CdO) thin ﬁlms were prepared using the simple and low cost spray pyrolysis technique (SPT). The structure properties of the ﬁlms were studied as pure and Ga dopant CdO at concentration 2 and 4%. The ﬁlms were characterized by XRD to understand the structural of the films. The X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the ﬁlms were polycrystalline in nature having a centered cubic structure with a preferred grain orientation in the (111) direction. The ﬁlms reveal changes in crystallite with a decrease in the grain size due to Ga doping. All the ﬁlms showed nearly 70% of transparency in the entire visible region. A blue shift of the optical band gap was observed with an increase in Ga doping.|
|ICEMAS2DLAI043||Video conference||Studies of ZnS: Ni nano films prepared by DC Magnetron sputtering||The following research represents the investigation of membranes of zinc sulfide thin films, which is undoped, and has a different dopant weight ratio of nickel (2, 4) wt. %, was deposited on glass substrate by the DC magnetron sputter method, which was later diagnosed with X-ray diffraction pattern, scanning electron microscope and atomic power microscope found that all the membranes recorded with the pattern of polycrystalline with doment reflection at the level of (100) plane and the intensity of this reflection and its crystallite size increases from 8 nm to 11.86 nm with the increase of doping ratio of nickel and that the surface of all the membrane was homogeneous with the growth of clusters of ZnS: Ni on the surface from growth seeds ZnS. While the AFM images showed a low conical shape base down, the average surface roughness and the height of the cone and their number increases 6.3 nm with increasing doping ratio. While the doping process reduces the values of the optical energy gap from 3.75 eV to 3.5 eV when increasing the doping ratio to 4wt. %.|
|ICEMAS2DLAI044||Attending with article||Effect of Alo vera gell extract on blood glucose level and lipid profile in induces diabetic moue||
Hyper glycemia amd hyper lipidema are both getting epidemic property in our country,that make an important to search a medicinal plant extract to solve elevated cases.Aleo vera has been cultivated in Iraq ,rich with many active constituents. This study emphasized on the alcoholic gell extract to treat diabetic induced mice with streptozotocin, and the mice were fed on high fatty food to elevate lipid profile before treating with Aleo gel extract.
Results showed that oral administration A.vera extract and the anti diabetic drug Glibenclamide in a dose of 300mg/kg, 600µg/kg body weight respectively; the glucose level had been decreased after one week with both treatment. After Three weeks later blood glucose level was at lowest level with A.vera fed mice. Effect of A.vera extract on lipid profile including level of cholesterol(Chol.), triglycerides(T.G) and High density lipoprotein (HDL); after 21 days from the plant extract and the drug treatment ,there was a decrease in cholesterol level and inT.G level, even in normal mice fed with the extract only . HDL level showed no change for the extract treatment than the diabetic negative control.
|ICEMAS2DLAI045||Attending with article||ACCELERATING COLUMN GENERATION APPROACH FOR THE TRANSPORT PROBLEM WITH TIME WINDOWS||The transport problem with time windows is solved using a mixed linear programming method. Given the large size of the problems encountered in industry, these models are solved by an approach based on column generation that can handle implicitly all feasible solutions and a master problem determining the best solution. We present a new approach to improve the acceleration of the method of column generation problem for the transport problem with time windows, it is projected in each arc, the resources on a vector of dimension less using a Lagrangean relaxation algorithm to determine the coefficients of the projection arc combined with an algorithm for re-optimization, well generates a subset of complementary solutions to the master problem. The computational experiments were conducted on a broad range of instances, many of them published in the literature. They show a significant reduction of the number of column generation iterations and computing time.|
|ICEMAS2DLAI046||Attending with article||Detention and Release in Rectangular Gabion Weir||The present paper aimed to study the mechanization of detention and release processes when a rectangular shaped gabion weir was used in a lined irrigation canals as a preliminary solution to treat the problem of lowering of water levels in general form during summer season. For this study a laboratory flume canal with dimensions of (10m long, 0.3m width, 0.5m height) was used to carry out the experiments on the weir. The used hydraulic model constructed with dimensions of (0.3m width and 0.4m height) and five different lengths of (0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0, and 1.2m) respectively. Whereas the used gravel samples, (as filling material), were of monosized gravel with diameters of (9.5-14), (14-19), (19-25), (25-37.5), and (37.5-50)mm respectively. While the measured discharge values during the experiments were in range of (0.7-15.0) l/s, and reached to a total of 194 test runs. The results showed that; (1) The upstream water depth, (Detention depth), is directly proportional with both of the unit discharge and the length of the weir, and inversely proportional with the diameter of the used gravel sample, (2) The downstream water depth, (Release depth), is directly proportional with unit discharge, while these is no clear effect for both of the length of the weir and the used gravel sample on it’s value, (3) Both values of detention and release depths are directly proportional with each other, (4) At a comparison discharge values, the ratio of (Release/Detention) is directly proportional with the diameter of the used gravel sample, but there is no clear effect of the weir length on its value. A series of empirical formulas were made for designers to manage detention and release processes for this type of weirs.|